Best of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan - Turkmenistan

11 days
Group size


Uncover the secrets of the Silk Road on this immersive journey through Turkmenistan and Iran. From Ashgabat all the way to Tehran, this epic 12-day trip will lead to the sprawling ruins of Mary and Kunyaurgench, one of the most important paths in the Middle Ages. The 14th-century traveler Ibn Battuta described it as The largest, greatest, most beautiful and most important cities of the Turks.
You camp and witness eternal flames of the Darvaza Crater, aka the Door to Hell. Riding on a famous Ahal Teke horse, commonly known as Golden Horse.
Continue to Iran to explore beautiful landscapes and some of the world's oldest archaeological sites, arid mountains and rural villages. You will learn about the traditions and culture of the land that has been affected for thousands of years. In this trip, we will explore the beautiful cities of Mashhad, Shiraz, Yazd, Isfahan, Tehran, and discover the history of Persia in the impressive Persepolis; however, the real highlight of this trip is meeting the locals, arguably the friendliest and most hospitable people on the planet, who are always ready to welcome tourists with a smile.


Day 1 - Tashkent

Arrive in Tashkent welcome at the airport and transfer to the hotel. Early check-in. Sightseeing tour of Tashkent: Khast Imam Complex – a religious center of the city consisting of the Barakkhan Madrasah, KaffalShashi Mauso- leum and the library of Islamic Literature with the Holy Koran Book of the VII century. Visiting modern part of Tashkent by metro: Amir Timur Square, Ap- plied Art Museum, Earthquake Memorial, Independence Square. Overnight in Tashkent.

Day 2 - Tashkent – Urgench – Khiva

Breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to the airport and flight to Urgench at 07:15. ArriveUrgench at 08:55. Transfer to Khiva, and start sightseeing – inner town of Ichan Kala (XIV-XX CC) with Muhamad Amin Khan Madrassah, Kalta Minor Minaret, Kunya Ark, Muhamad Rahim Khan Madrassah, Juma Mosque and Minaret, TashHauli Palace, Islam Khodja Minaret and Madrassah, Shirga- zi Khan Madrassah, Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. Overnight in Khiva.

Day 3 - Urgench – Dashoguz (Shavat) Post – Darwaza

Breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to Uzbekistan - Turkmenistan border point. Sightseeing tour of the historical places of "Kunya-Urgench" : Excursion in KunyaUrgench. Sightseeing tour in KunyaUrgench: visit Portal of Caravan- saray, Mamur Minaret, II Arslan Mausoleum, Sultan Tekesh Mausoleum, Academy of Horezm, kutlug Timur Minaret, Turabek Hanum Mausoleum. Transfer to famous Gas crater – Door to Hell. Dinner. Rest & night in camp near crater.

Day 4 - Darwaza - Ashgabat

Picnic style breakfast. Drive back to Ashgabat. En-route we cross Karakum desert, will make a stop in small desert village Erbent. Arrival in Ashgabat. You will see Presidential Palace, Ruhyyet Palace, Wedding Palace, modern “Yildyz” Hotel, Ferries Wheel, Constitution Monument, Arch of Neutrality, Monument and park of Independence, Ertogrul Gazy Mosque, Ashgabat Sports and Housing facilities, the Earthquake and victims of WWII Monuments. Overnight in Ashgabat.

Day 5 - Ashgabat

Breakfast at the hotel. Morning drive to visit Nissa fortress -the Sanctuary of Parthian Kings. UNESCO declared fortress a World Heritage Site in 2007. Nissa described as one of the first capitals of the Parthians. It was founded by Arsaces I (reigned c. 250 BC – 211BC), and reputedly the royal necropolis of the Parthian Kings, although it has neither been established that the fortress at Nissa was a royal residence or a mausoleum.
Drive to Kowata underground lake which is located 107 km from Ashgabat. The Turkmen name Kow-Ata means "father of caves". This underground area seems like a magnificent auditorium: the overall length of the cave is 230 m, its height reaches 20 m, and its width is at some points 57 m. The bottom of the cave is covered with lumps of dissolved limestone (stalagmites), and its warm and gushing water is clear and emerald colored. The water has a con- stant temperature of 33-37°C. (You should swim in the lake).
After drive to Gokdepe fortress that was attacked in December 1880 by Rus- sian Empire Army. The siege of Gokdepe lasted 23 days, after which the city was taken by storm. Visit Geokdepe Mosque (Saparmyrat Hajy) that was built in 1995 to commemorate the defeat and is noted for its mint-turquoise blue colored roof and white marble structure.Then visit Gokdepe museum about the battle between Russians and local tribe “Akhalteke” in 1881.
Later drive to visit Horse Farm to see a national proud of Turkmen people - Akhalteke horses , the nicest horses in the world. 5000 years ago, Turkmens begin breed Akhalteke horses. The World’s unique breed was never mixed with other breeds. Such illustrious Emperors like Alexander the Great, Darius I desired to own Ahalteke horses. There are over 35 beautiful horses in the farm. Per superstition, every sick person who touches an Ahalteke horse will get well soon.
Drive to visit Turkmenbashy Ruhy Mosque in Kipchak (the largest mosque in Central Asia). Overnight at Hotel.

Day 6 - Ashgabat – Mary – Bukhara

Breakfast at the hotel. Morning flight to Mary. Arrival and transfer to ancient Merv for excursion. Sightseeing of Merv: visit Gyz Gala & Oglan Gala, Com- plex of Askhabs, Gyaur Gala, Erk Gala, Soltan Gala, Sotlan Sanjar Mausoleum etc. After excursion transfer to Turkmen – Uzbek border Farap. Uzbek driver will meet you at Uzbek side. Drive to Bukhara, transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Bukhara.

Day 7 - Bukhara

Breakfast at the hotel. Starting city tour in Bukhara at 09:00. City tour with visits to the Ark Fortress – residence of Bukhara khans (I-XX CC), Bolo Hauz Mosque (XVIII C), Samanids Mausoleum – Shrine of Ismail Samani and other members of the Samanid Dynasty (IX-X CC), Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum – Saint Job’s well (XII-XVI CC). Continue sightseeing by walk: Poi-Kalyan complex with Kalyan Minaret (XII C) through orient bazaars with three trade domes of Toki Zargaron (XV C), Toki Sarrafon (XVI C), Toki Telpak Fu- rushon (XVI C), Ulugbek Madrassah (XV C), Abdulazizkhan Madrassah (XVII C). Visiting Lyabi Hauz complex consisting of Kukeldash Madrassah (XVI C), Magoki Attori Mosque now used as a carpet museum (XII C), Nadir Divan-begi Madrassah and Nadir Divan-begi Khanaka. Overnight in Bukhara.

Day 8 - Bukhara – Shakhrisabz – Samarkand

Breakfast at the hotel. Drive to Shakhrisabz – hometown of Tamerlane. In Shakhrisabz we will visit the magnificent Palace of Timur – AkSaray. The pal- ace is covered with beautiful blue, white and gold mosaics. Continue by visit of Kok-Gumbaz Mosque and Dorus-Saodat Mausoleum. Drive to Samarkand. Overnight in Samarkand.

Day 9 - Samarkand

Breakfast at the hotel. We will start sightseeing from gem of Samarkand – Registan Square and three madrassahs (religious study centers) surrounding the square: Ulughbek Madrassah (XV c), Sher-Dor Madrassah (XVII c), and Tillya-Kari Madrassah (XVII c) – covered with gold. Visit to Gur Emir Mau- soleum – tomb of Tamerlane, ShakhiZinda Necropolis – ensemble including mausoleums and other ritual buildings of IX-XIV and XIX CC, Ulughbek Ob- servatory , built in XV century by Timurid ruler and astronomer, Bibi Khanym Mosque – built by Amir Timur (Tamerlane) in XV century and Siyab Bazaar. Overnight in Samarkand.

Day 10 - Samarkand – Tashkent

Breakfast at the hotel. Today we will visit Museum located in ancient settle- ment of Afrosiab. Then visit to Tombstone of KhodjaDaniyar (St Daniel) , revered by three world religions: Christianity, Judaism and Islam , and mauso- leum is still a pilgrimage place for the followers of all three Abrahamic reli- gions. Drive to Konigil village to visit Samarkand Paper Mill “Meros”, where you can see the process of making famous Samarkand paper by ancient tech- nology. Transfer to the railway station for train Samarkand-Tashkent at 17:00. Arrive Tashkent at 19:10. Overnight in Tashkent.

Day 11 - Tashkent

Breakfast at the hotel. Check out by 12:00. Transfer to the airport. End of the tour.

What's included / excluded

The tour price includes

  • Letter of Invitation in Turkmenistan (State Registra-tion, Travel Pass)
  • Accommodation in DBL/Twin room:
  • Escort English speaking guide service
  • Transportation as per program per AC regular road vehicles and 4x4 where terrain requires
  • Flight ticket: Tashkent-Urgench, Ashgabat - Mary
  • Train ticket: Samarkand-Tashkent on 2nd class.
  • Entrance fee: per program
  • Meals: BF at hotels and BBQ Dinner at Darwaza
  • 1.5 L water per person per day

The tour price doesn't include

  • International flights
  • Cost of Turkmen and Uzbek visa w/border fees
  • Payment for photo and video
  • Meals: L,D
  • Tips for guide and driver
  • Medical insurance
  • Services not shown in the program
  • Travel tax: 2 usd per person per night in Turkmenistan

Trip map




Passport, flight ticket (printed or electronic), insurance, visa (if required).

First aid kit:

bandaids / plasters, special medicine or drugs in permanent use, antibacterial gel/wipes, antiseptic cream, lip balm.


Credit/debit cards, cash (cards can be used in city, cash in regions), moneybelt, laptop/tablet/phone, chargers, camera with extra memory cards and batteries, outlet adapter.


There are no restrictions regarding clothes; scarf or shawl is advisable for churches.